La Difesa del Punto d’Appoggio di Jungingen, 11 Ottobre 1805

La Chiesa di Jungingen, Punto d’Appoggio

The church at Jungingen was a strongpoint in the successful defense of the village against repeated Austrian fanteria assaults. The church was held by a converged battaglione d’élite composto dei granatieri e carabinieri drawn from the six battaglioni di fanteria of general Dupont’s 1re division du corps de Ney. This ad hoc unit was commanded by chef de bataillon Decouchy who had the church loopholed e barricaded in preparation for the imminent attack. Skirmishers from Decouchy’s battaglione deployed in front of Jungingen to draw the repeated waves of Austrian attackers into the village where they would encounter the strongpoint. Meanwhile, the due battaglioni of the 9ème légère sent una compagnia each around the flanks of Jungingen from their reserve position northeast of the village to block likely escape routes on the southwestern side. When the fanteria austriaca attack faltered at the defended church, e became disorganized, the formed colonne di battaglione of the 9ème légère counterattacked into the village e drove the fanteria nemica back.

When the repulsed austriaci found their retreat routes blocked by fanteria francese in their rear, thousands of them quickly surrendered. The process was repeated six times between 13:00 e 16:00 hours, until General Mack finally realised that cavalleria support on the flanks of Jungingen was required to prevent fanteria francese from encircling his attacking units. Accordingly, due reggimenti dei corazzieri austriaci ed uno dei cavalleggeri attacked north of Jungingen where they encountered the 10 battaglione of the 96ème de ligne which had formed square. The square held, but the cavalleria austriaca moved on to attack e defeat the 15ème e 17ème régiment de dragons which had been sent forward to support the fanteria at Jungingen.

Austrian Forces

  • Feldmarschall-Leutnant Baron Karl Mack von Leiberich
  • Feldmarschall-Leutnant Erzherzog Ferdinand von Österreich-Este
    • 3o Reggimento Corazzieri
    • 6o Reggimento Corazzieri
    • 4o Reggimento Cavalleggeri
    • 6o Reggimento Cavalleggeri
    • 6pdr artiglieria a cavallo Battery (6 canonni)
  • Feldmarschall-Leutnant Prinz Karl Philipp zu Schwarzenberg
    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 8 (3 battaglioni)
    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 11 (2 battaglioni)
    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 20 (3 battaglioni)
    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 54 (2 battaglioni)
    • Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 54 (battaglione granatieri)
    • 6pdr artiglieria a piedi (6 canonni)
    • 6pdr artiglieria a piedi (6 canonni)

Forza Armata Francese

  • 1ère Division d’Infanterie
    • Général de Division Pierre-Antoine Comte Dupont de l’Étang
    • 1ère Brigade
      • Génèral de Brigade Jean-Victor Rouyer
      • 9ème Légère (2 bataillons)
    • 2ème Brigade
      • Général de Brigade Jean-Gabriel Marchand
      • 32ème de Ligne (2 bataillons)
      • 96ème de Ligne (2 bataillons)
    • Companie, 1er régiment d’artillerie à pied
      • Due 4-pdr guns, quattro 6" howitzers
    • Companie, 2ème régiment d’Artillerie à cheval
      • Due 8-pdr guns
  • 4ème Division de Dragons
    • 1ère Brigade
      • Général de Brigade Louis-Michel-Antoine Sahuc
      • 15ème dragons
      • 17ème dragons

Jungingen

Timber-framed building on the Jungingen-Haslach road

Timber-framed building on the Jungingen-Haslach road

Farm yard east of Jungingen church

Farm yard east of Jungingen church

View of the road next to the church yard

View of the road next to the church yard

View of the church from the church yard

View of the church from the church yard

Church yard und grave stones

Church yard und grave stones

Farm opposite Jungingen church

Farm opposite Jungingen church

Farm yard west of Jungingen church

Farm yard west of Jungingen church

Small barn west of Jungingen church

Small barn west of Jungingen church

View of Jungingen church from the southside of the village

View of Jungingen church from the southside of the village

Ulm-Jungingen road entering the southside of the village

Ulm-Jungingen road entering the southside of the village

Fields between the Lehr-Jungingen und Ulm-Jungingen roads

Fields between the Lehr-Jungingen und Ulm-Jungingen roads

After the engagment at Haslach-Jungingen, the Austrian forces withdrew toward Ulm again, und there would be more engagements to fight until the eventual surrender on 20 October 1805.

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